Home > NIAM, Preventable Diseases > 10 Things You Need to Know About Vaccines for Children

10 Things You Need to Know About Vaccines for Children

 

instagram_childrenEvery Child By Two’s State of the ImmUnion campaign is honoring National Immunization Awareness Month (#NIAM16) with a Blog Relay highlighting the importance of vaccines across the lifespan.  

In this third guest post, we hear about the importance of protecting babies and young children from vaccine-preventable diseases from the perspective of a statewide non-profit.  The mission of the Colorado Children’s Immunization Coalition is to mobilize diverse partners and families in an effort to advance children’s health through immunizations.

By the Colorado Children’s Immunization Coalition

To celebrate the gift of vaccines and to remind parents, grandparents, caregivers, and others of the important role vaccines play in their little one’s early years, we’re highlighting the top 10 things parents should know about childhood immunizations.

1. Vaccines save lives.

COGuestBlogPost_20-year-infographicSimply put, vaccines work! The World Health Organization estimates that vaccines save 2.5 million children’s lives every year. In fact, immunization is considered one of the greatest public health achievements of the 20th century.

Vaccines have reduced and, in some cases, eliminated many diseases that killed or severely disabled people just a few generations ago. For example, smallpox vaccination eradicated that disease worldwide, and we’re getting closer than ever to a polio-free world.

Here in Colorado, vaccination prevented more than 8,600 child hospitalizations in just one year!

2. Vaccines are safe.

Vaccines are thoroughly tested before licensing and carefully monitored after they are licensed to ensure that they are safe. See The Journey of Your Child’s Vaccine infographic to learn more about the vaccine testing and approval process. 

Like any medication or medical intervention, vaccines can cause adverse reactions. The most common vaccine side effects are mild (e.g. a sore arm or mild fever). In many cases, the risk of a serious allergic reaction to a vaccine is 1 in one million. Vaccines will involve some discomfort and may cause pain, redness, or tenderness at the site of injection, but this is minimal compared to the pain, trauma, and possible long-term complications of the diseases these vaccines prevent. The disease-protection benefits of getting vaccines are much greater than the risk of possible side effects. Not vaccinating places children at risk for dangerous and potentially fatal vaccine-preventable illnesses.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommended schedule is a safe and effective way to protect your child against 14 diseases by the age of two.

3. Young children are especially vulnerable to vaccine-preventable diseases and their complications.

Children under the age of five are most at risk for vaccine-preventable diseases and their complications. In 2014, 63.8 percent of children hospitalized with vaccine-preventable disease in Colorado were four years of age or younger. Unfortunately, in the same year over 25.7 percent of two-year-olds in Colorado had not received all recommended vaccines.

Child care facilities, preschool programs and schools are prone to outbreaks of infectious diseases. Children in these settings can easily spread illnesses to one another due to poor hand washing, not covering their coughs, and other factors such as interacting in crowded environments. Make sure you are sending your child to child care and school safe!

4. Vaccine-preventable diseases still exist.

Diseases like polio, measles, and mumps are not diseases of the past; vaccine-preventable diseases are still common in many parts of the world. However, most young parents in the U.S. have never seen the devastating effects that diseases like measles or rubella can have on a family or community, and the benefits of vaccination are often taken for granted. But the truth is they still exist.

For example, measles continues to be brought into the United States by unvaccinated travelers who are infected while in other countries. When measles gets into communities of unvaccinated people in the U.S. (such as people who refuse vaccines for religious, philosophical or personal reasons), outbreaks are more likely to occur. While we have the ability to prevent these diseases from harming our most vulnerable, such as babies, the elderly and the immunocompromised, gaps in immunization coverage have allowed these diseases to sneak back into our daily lives. Last year’s measles outbreak was a perfect example of how quickly infectious diseases can spread when they reach groups of people who aren’t vaccinated.

Diseases know no boarders, and with an increasingly transient global society it is more important than ever to ensure our little ones are protected.

5. Vaccines also save money.

A recent study on the social and economic value of vaccination showed that every $1 invested in immunization on average produces $16 in savings in healthcare costs, lost wages, and productivity due to illness. In Colorado alone, vaccination averted nearly $400 million in hospital charges among its children in one year.

6. Vaccination is the norm.CCIC_OOHCompSelects

Most parents choose the safe, proven protection of vaccines and are vaccinating their children according to the CDC-recommended immunization schedule. Estimates from a CDC nationally representative childhood vaccine communications poll (July 2014 online poll) suggest that almost 9 out of 10 people are vaccinating on time or are intending to do so.

7. Vaccination is not just a personal choice.

When children are not vaccinated, they are at increased risk for disease and can spread disease to others in their play groups, child care centers, classrooms and communities – including babies who are too young to be fully vaccinated and people with weakened immune systems due to cancer and other health conditions. Vaccines don’t just protect your child. Immunization is a shared responsibility. Families, healthcare professionals and public health officials must work together to help protect the entire community. We’re all in this together!

While not everyone in a community is able to be vaccinated, everyone benefits from vaccination. When the majority of people in a community are protected through vaccination, there is less opportunity for disease to enter. This concept is known as herd immunity or community immunity. Many kiddos rely on this form of protection from their community. When less than 90% of children are immunized in a particular community, these pockets of low vaccination create an environment where infectious disease can take hold and spread.

Some states, including Colorado, give parents the right to ask for their child care or school’s immunization coverage rates. Arming parents with up-to-date immunization data allows them to make informed decisions about where to send their children.

8. There are ways you can make your child’s shot visits less stressful.

It’s hard to see your child get his or her shots, but you can take some steps before, during, and after a vaccine visit to ease the short-term pain and stress of getting shots. You may want to pack a favorite toy, book, blanket, or other comfort item to keep your child occupied at the visit. You can also distract your child by telling a story, singing, reciting the ABCs, or taking deep breaths together to “blow out” the pain.

After the shot, hug, cuddle, and praise your child. For babies, one of the five “S’s” (swaddle, shush, place on side/stomach, swing, or suck) may offer relief. Comfort and reassure older children if they cry.

If you notice redness, soreness, or swelling from the shot, place a clean, cool washcloth on the area. These reactions are usually mild and resolve on their own without needing treatment. If your child runs a fever, try a cool sponge bath.

Read 9 Things to Make Shots Less Stressful… For You and Your Baby for more helpful tips.

9. Families who seek assistance paying for childhood vaccines have options.

No child should miss out on the benefits of vaccination. Families who need help paying for childhood vaccines should ask their healthcare professional about the Vaccines for Children (VFC) program, which provides vaccines at no cost to eligible children who do not otherwise have access to recommended childhood vaccines.

Additionally, parents may find support through local programs, such as the Shots for Tots and Teens program in the Denver Metro area. Shots for Tots and Teens offers low- and no-cost monthly Saturday immunization clinics throughout the year with the help of experienced immunization nurses, fire medics, and health care and community volunteers.

10. It’s okay to ask questions.

Like you, your child’s health care provider wants what’s best for your child’s health. If you have concerns, talk to your health care provider. You can also get evidence-based information from these trusted sources:

Remember, not all websites are credible. Learn how to evaluate a website and determine whether it’s trustworthy using this handy guide


About the Colorado Children’s Immunization Coalition
The Colorado Children’s Immunization Coalition (CCIC) is a statewide, independent 501(c)(3) nonprofit. Its mission is to strategically mobilize diverse partners and families to advance children’s health through immunizations. CCIC does not accept funding from vaccine manufacturers or distributors. To learn more, visit www.childrensimmunization.org and connect with CCIC on Facebook and Twitter.

Learn more about your local immunization coalition at www.immunizationcoalitions.org.

  1. Baron von Figglesworth III
    August 21, 2016 at 6:29 pm

    Continuing the list:

    11. Vaccines don’t work very well
    The efficacy rates of vaccines, though we would like them to be higher, leave much to be desired. It is a fact that the flue vaccine is less less than 50% effective and numerous outbreaks have occurred among fully-vaccinated peoples.

    Like

  2. Baron von Figglesworth III
    August 21, 2016 at 6:36 pm

    12. Vaccines contain neurotoxic Aluminum
    Unfortunately, most vaccines actually contain a neurotoxin. There are many safer alternatives to using alum as an adjuvant, but for some reason they have not been implemented. Numerous mice and rabbit studies show that vaccine-levels of Aluminum slow down learning and reaction times. There are also toxicological studies showing how injected Aluminum ends up in the brain.

    Like

  3. Gray Falcon
    August 21, 2016 at 9:03 pm

    If vaccines don’t work very well, then why did disease rates fall almost immediately after the vaccine was introduced?

    If aluminum is so toxic, why aren’t we dead from all the aluminum in the soil?

    Like

  4. August 31, 2016 at 1:28 pm

    I am glad that vaccinations are still the norm. My wife seems to think we do not need to vaccinate our children. The science against vaccines is completely bogus. That study was proven to be false. I worry about what will happen to kids if they do not get vaccines. There is no reason to put your child at risk.

    Like

  5. Bryce Spooner
    September 1, 2016 at 3:46 pm

    Kody, watch the movie Vaxxed, you may be surprised what you learn.

    Like

  6. Lawrence
    September 1, 2016 at 7:09 pm

    “Learn?” From that fraudumentary?

    Like

  7. Bryce Spooner
    September 6, 2016 at 1:58 pm

    So there isn’t a person named Dr. William Thompson, who works for the CDC and supplied thousands of pages of documents regarding fraud at the CDC?

    Like

  8. Bryce Spooner
    September 6, 2016 at 4:30 pm

    And this didn’t really happen? Rep Bill Posey asking Congress to look into it? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jGRjn_gIJw0

    Like

  9. Lawrence
    September 6, 2016 at 5:25 pm

    Have you read the Thompson documents?

    I have and they certainly don’t say “fraud.”

    Like

  10. Bryce Spooner
    September 7, 2016 at 11:36 am

    If you have read the documents, then please explain the part of the study regarding “isolated” autism and what happened to it? It just magically disappeared and yet that is not considered fraud?

    Like

  11. Lawrence
    September 7, 2016 at 3:13 pm

    You obviously don’t understand study design & confounders either….jeez. Take a class in epidemiology why don’t you?

    Like

  12. Bryce Spooner
    September 7, 2016 at 3:17 pm

    That answer doesn’t make any sense. Just as I was expecting.

    Like

  13. Lawrence
    September 7, 2016 at 4:04 pm

    It makes sense to the educated….which means you are not.

    Like

  14. Bryce Spooner
    September 7, 2016 at 5:23 pm

    Adhominem’s all you have to offer Lawrence? If not, please explain why the “isolated autism” part of the study does not constitute fraud.

    Like

  15. Lawrence
    September 7, 2016 at 6:35 pm
  16. Gray Falcon
    September 8, 2016 at 8:52 am

    Over even more succinctly:
    https://xkcd.com/882/

    Like

  17. Bryce Spooner
    September 8, 2016 at 1:08 pm

    Lawrence – you send me an opinion piece as proof?
    I didn’t see anything about why the “isolated autism” part of the study was thrown out.
    I thought you said that you read the documents?

    Like

  18. Lawrence
    September 8, 2016 at 3:40 pm

    You didn’t read very well, did you – because there were links to other take downs of the Thompson documents as well….

    Like

  19. Bryce Spooner
    September 9, 2016 at 1:18 pm

    Lawrence – again, just spewing out nonsense, because you’ve got nothing. The fact is Dr. William Thompson, a CDC scientist came out about fraud committed at the CDC. They destroyed evidence and spent 18 more months on a study that should have taken 6 months to complete. You can argue the study all you want, the fact is the CDC did not want something exposed and destroyed the evidence and then spent a lot of time redoing it.

    Like

  20. Bryce Spooner
    September 9, 2016 at 1:19 pm

    I just went back and looked through the links and I found nothing about “isolated autism” anywhere.

    Like

  21. mcdooglederek
    September 22, 2016 at 9:05 pm

    You stated that vaccines are thoroughly tested before licensing and carefully monitored after they are licensed to ensure that they are safe. Are there certain vaccines that your children are required to have? My friend just had her baby and is trying to decide what kind of vaccinations he will need. Having her child vaccinated by a proper doctor could be very beneficial. http://www.dinopeds.com/pediatrics-services-grand-junction-co.html

    Like

  22. swapna
    November 28, 2016 at 1:07 am
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