Home > In the News, Parent Perspective, Preventable Diseases, Science & Research > Pertussis Immunity May Wane, But Vaccine Still Offers Protection

Pertussis Immunity May Wane, But Vaccine Still Offers Protection

Today I wish I hadn’t bothered reading the immunization news. Today I would much rather be dancing around to holiday music and breaking out some festive decorations. Because today, like many other days this year, I continue to read articles that focus on the impact that pertussis is having around the country and even around the world.

In one article, Kristen A. Feemster, M.D., M.P.H., explains that

“cases of pertussis, or whooping cough, have more than tripled in the past five years, with 2012 on track to be the most severe in over a half-century. More than 37,000 cases have been reported so far – 37 times the number in 1976, which was the lowest since the introduction of vaccines dramatically reduced prevalence of the disease.”

As a parent, I’m concerned about pertussis and here’s why:pertussis-baby-three-lg

It’s highly contagious And since this is an airborne disease, it’s difficult to limit exposure if pertussis is circulating in your community, unless you intend to wear a mask 24/7.

It often goes undiagnosed. How many people have a persistent cough and don’t seek medical treatment? And when people do seek treatment for a cough, it’s likely that pertussis is not typically the doctor’s first consideration. Even if the doctor has reason to consider pertussis, there are often challenges in accurately diagnosing pertussis. In other words, it’s likely that people are walking around, exposing others to pertussis without being aware they are doing so.

There is no magic cure for this “100 Day Cough”. Doctor’s do what they can to treat the infection and the symptoms.  While this disease may be unpleasant and inconvenient for most adults, it can be extremely dangerous and seriously life-threatening for children.

And here’s the kicker of them all….

Vaccination is not a guarantee that you won’t fall ill with pertussis.

The unfortunate reality is that the vaccine that protects against pertussis is not one of our most effective vaccines. As Dr. Feemster explains,

“in the 1990s, the U.S. switched from what was known as the “whole cell” pertussis vaccine to one with fewer side effects, referred to as the “acellular” pertussis vaccine. The older, whole cell vaccine had more antigens, or parts of the bacteria, for the human body to build immunity against. This produced a stronger immune response, but with more side effects. The new vaccine traded some immunity for fewer side effects. This “acellular” version effectively prevents disease, but immunity wanes over time, which means that we can become susceptible to infection again. As a result of the vaccine being modified years ago to ensure a greater degree of safety, it appears that it’s not as effective.”

And to make matters worse, most people are unaware that any immunity they may have received (as a result of getting the disease or getting vaccinated) will wane over time. In fact, just this week, the Journal of the American Medical Association released the first-ever study to test the long-term effectiveness of the current pertussis vaccine. Researchers stated that although the vaccine does work, children had the strongest protection in the year after their last shot (with 98% immunity), whereas five years later that immunity tends to drop (to about 71%). These results support a previous finding from September in a New England Journal of Medicine study, which also shows immunity from the whooping cough vaccine fades sharply over time.

So, why vaccinate? 

Well, despite the apparent limitations of the vaccination, receiving a vaccine that may only be 71% effective five years after receiving it is still better than not vaccinating, having 0% chance of protection and relying on a decreasing level of community immunity.

Consider this…if your child contracts pertussis, one of three things may happen:

  1. Your child suffers with symptoms, but eventually recovers.
  2. Your child suffers with symptoms, and eventually recovers with health issues or permanent disabilities.
  3. Your child suffers with symptoms, and eventually succumbs to this dangerous disease.

While most parents want to believe that their child would be the one to make a complete recovery, isn’t it better to try to reduce the risk of contracting pertussis in the first place by ensuring your child is vaccinated?

Here are some additional facts to consider:  

A simple viewing of Real Families Talk Pertussis, now airing on What to Expect: Healthy Mom, Healthy Baby, highlight the experiences of three families whose children were diagnosed with pertussis at a young age. In the first video, you meet seven-year old Shea. Her mother explains how a pertussis infection as an infant left her daughter to suffer with cerebral palsy, a physical disability she will have for the rest of her life. In the second video, the father of eight year old Isabel comes close to tears as he explains how they almost lost their daughter due to pertussis. And then a young mom, who suffered with whooping cough herself during labor, talks about how difficult it was to say goodby to the one person who made her life complete… her beautiful infant daughter Kaliah.

If every person could hear these words of caution from families who’ve experienced pertussis first hand, I believe we could help educate a greater number of people about the importance of pertussis vaccination.

Please help us take pertussis out of the picture and spread the word about the importance of Tdap b0oster shots for everyone.  A baby’s life may just depend on it. 

  1. December 2, 2012 at 9:33 pm

    We are coming up on Carter’s 3rd Birthday (12/8) I should be putting the finishing touches on his birthday gifts and his Christmas presents. But sadly I don’t have the option, I will be ordering balloons to release to Heaven so Carter can share them with his friend. I am one of thsoe parents that wasn’t made aware about the Pertussis/TDAP booster until it was too late. I have always made sure my son had all the vaccines he needed, I have a 12 yr old also, but I never realized that I was neglecting my own health and the health of others until it was too late.

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  2. Lara Lohne
    December 3, 2012 at 1:45 am

    Carter’s Mom, my heart goes out to you. I cant imagine the heart ache of losing a child, particularly at such a young age. But I admire and commend your strength and courage to turn your tragic loss into a way to educate others on the dangers of pertussis and the importance of keeping ourselves, as well as your children up to date with vaccinations and boosters.

    I had pertussis when I was 17. It was awful and I never want to go through that again. Even if I did, I don’t think I could survive it as my last bout left me with permanently damaged lungs. I have all the symptoms of asthma, but it isn’t actually asthma so asthma medication does not help. I am much more susceptible to bronchitis and pneumonia now as well. I had my first pertussis vaccine in the summer of 2010. My doctor called it a booster, and I guess since I had the disease about 23 years prior, to a degree it was one.

    I am an example of what can happen if an child is raised in an anti-vaccine household. I’m lucky though, because I survived. But at the same time, my experiences with VPDs growing up, taught me that I don’t ever want to see any of my children suffer like that when there is a very simple, and effective way to help prevent it from happening.

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  3. Carter's Mom
    December 3, 2012 at 1:51 am

    I have oftened wondered if children, now adults from anti vax homes are every effected as adults. I am so sorry you have these lasting effects from this horrible disease. I have heard other parents stories that their small children suffer from the same issues. I remember after we recvd Carter’s autopsy how damage it said his lungs were. Thank u for your kind words & God Bless.

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  4. dingo199
    December 3, 2012 at 6:35 am

    Carter’s Mom – I am so sorry for your loss.
    I think that people are only just becoming aware of how serious the problem of pertussis in adolescents/adults can be, and it has taken authorities like the CDC until this last year or two to appreciate that vaccination boosters for adolescents can help cut the community burden of pertussis, and thereby help protect vulnerable kids who are too young to be vaccinated.
    Hard to say it, but please don’t feel you are responsible in any way. I just wish that we get better and better ways to help keep our kids safe as we go on – but science cannot work fast enough for everyone.

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  5. lilady
    December 3, 2012 at 3:07 pm

    @ Carter’s Mom:

    I am so sorry for your loss. When I worked as a public health nurse, I recall one infant who died from pertussis…an older family member, when we tested members of the household, had an active case of pertussis.

    Just before the Tdap vaccine was licensed, I was infected with pertussis. It is a very debilitating illness and I was so grateful that I hadn’t had exposures to babies, prior to the onset of my symptoms (a day or two of nasal congestion), before the sudden onset of painful repetitive coughing spells.

    I thank you for your advocacy…it is a lasting tribute to your precious Carter.

    Like

  6. Quokka
    December 4, 2012 at 10:22 am

    Carter’s Mom. I am so sorry for your loss. You have my deepest respect for the work you do in trying to educate others so that they may not suffer as you do.

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  7. Natobeth
    December 6, 2012 at 8:02 pm

    Best wishes for Carter on his birthday. My son passed in September 2012 to Pertussis too. We should be spending Christmas with our son, his first Christmas, but he was taken from us due to a preventable illness. Unless you have walked in our shoes it often is hard for people to understand how deadly these illnesses are. The research and facts need to get out and this is quite a good article.

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  8. Quokka
    December 6, 2012 at 11:18 pm

    Natobeth. My deepest sympathies at the loss of your son.

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