Friday Flu Shot: Recommendations For Health Care Workers
Feb 10, 2012
Three times a year the National Vaccine Advisory Committee (NVAC), which is an advisory group to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), meets to discuss vaccine related topics. This week the Committee met and discussed a number of issues, including the Healthy People 2020 goal to reach 90% influenza vaccination rates among health care personnel. Since flu vaccination rates among health care workers is currently around 63%, the Assistant Secretary of Health requested that the Committee propose recommendations for hospitals and other health facilities to help achieve the goal outlined by the Health People 2020 document. After a year of deliberation among NVAC subcommittee members, representing a wide variety of views on this issue, the full committee voted on the following five recommendations:
- Establish comprehensive influenza infection control programs in hospitals that include education on how to prevent flu transmission with tools such as hand hygiene, cough etiquette, free access to flu vaccines, and information on the benefits and misconceptions of flu vaccines.
- Health care employees and facilities should integrate flu vaccination programs into existing flu prevention and occupational health programs.
- Continue efforts to standardize methods on how to measure health care worker vaccination rates.
- Facilities that can’t reach and maintain 90% vaccination level without the first three steps should strongly consider mandatory flu vaccination policies and may consider exemptions.
- Develop new and improved flu vaccines and vaccine technologies.
Prior to adopting these recommendations, the Committee received extensive written public comments. Additionally, during the meeting several health care workers presented verbal testimony in opposition of the fourth recommendation that suggests facilities consider mandatory flu vaccine policies if they can’t raise vaccination levels after completing the first three steps. With each comment, those opposing these recommendations focused on the rights of the individual nurse and health care worker. However, no mention was made of those who may suffer from the actions of health care workers who may unwittingly spread deadly influenza virus to at-risk patients.
Fortunately, after about 30 minutes of comments made in opposition to this specific recommendation, Laura Scott, Executive Director of Families Fighting Flu, stood and addressed the Committee. She strongly supported all the recommendations on behalf of the members of Families Fighting Flu. She spoke of how concerned they were about unvaccinated health care workers and she reminded the Committee that these workers are not only a threat to themselves, but to the most vulnerable in our society, including our children. Her public comment went as follows:
Our organization is dedicated to protecting the lives of children. Our members primarily include families whose children have suffered serious medical complications or died from influenza. Member families like the Booths from CO, who, just one year ago, were watching their son, Austin, at his high school basketball game, when only one week later were planning his funeral; families like the Steins from VA, who suffered the tragic loss of their 5-year-old daughter, Jessica; members like the Duvalls from AK, whose 15-year-old old son, Luke, survived influenza after weeks in a coma; or members like Brooke Meredith who at 31-years-old and pregnant was hospitalized for nearly a month and on a ventilator due to influenza.
No one can talk about the real consequences of skipping the flu vaccine better than our members.
This is why we believe so strongly that it’s completely unacceptable for health care personnel, including providers – the very people we go to for medical treatment – to not protect themselves and their patients by getting vaccinated. We know first-hand that the flu is serious and does kill. Patients expect health care personnel to take reasonable steps to help protect them from preventable-diseases, like influenza. Unvaccinated health care personnel are not only a threat to themselves but to the most vulnerable, including our children.
We all know that annual vaccination is our best defense against influenza. The risk of disease is far too great; it is incomprehensible why health care personnel would chance it by not getting vaccinated.
I recently read a letter in a medical journal that sums it up well. It said:
“Doctors and other health-care providers have an ethical obligation to make decisions and take actions that protect patients from preventable harm. Many patients are highly vulnerable to flu, so choosing not to be vaccinated is choosing to do harm—a choice that has no place in health care.”
Families Fighting Flu couldn’t agree more. Our organization strongly supports all five of the recommendations and strategies presented in this report. We look forward to continuing to help educate health care personnel about this serious disease and working together with all of you to achieve this goal.
In addition to Ms. Scott’s comments, the National Foundation for Infectious Diseases (NFID) also spoke in favor of the recommendations, praising them as a “measured and tiered approach to the issue.” NFID stated that the fourth recommendation is an important accountability feature that addresses a critical patient protection issue.
After receiving these comments, the Committee spent the evening rewording the initial recommendations based on feedback from all participants and ensuring that proper protocol had been followed by the subcommittee. In the end, all five recommendations were approved.
I am grateful that organizations such as Families Fighting Flu are willing to stand up and emphasize the seriousness of influenza and the importance of annual flu vaccination. If I, or my loved ones, are ever under the care of a health care worker, I certainly hope that they would care enough about my health and their own to be fully vaccinated. Unfortunately, this is one thing I can never be sure of. Since their privacy is protected by HIPAA laws, my right to know if they pose a medical risk is circumvented. Instead, I must rely on these individuals to adhere to their oath to “First, do no harm.”
While I believe these recommendations will initiate some action among medical facilities that offer patient care, I also wish they weren’t necessary. I simply wish health care workers everywhere would take these steps without the need for their employers to require it.
But I’m curious to hear what you have to say. Do you feel it is reasonable to expect health care workers to be vaccinated for influenza? And what are your thoughts on these new recommendations?
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