Archive

Posts Tagged ‘school required vaccinations’

With School Vaccine Exemptions on the Rise, What Can Be Done to Protect Our Students?

June 12, 2018 1 comment

Today, PloS Medicine published a study that examined the increase we are seeing across the country in philosophical exemptions to school vaccine requirements, also known as personal belief exemptions.

According to the authors, 12 of the 18 states that allow philosophical exemptions have seen an increase in parents choosing to exempt their children from one or more vaccines. As a result, several metropolitan areas are at risk of an outbreak of disease, such as measles, similar to the one we saw originate at Disneyland in Anaheim, California three years ago.

Measles3_CAOutbreak_FBTW

The Washington Post notes that the study “characterized many rural counties, as well as urban areas, as ‘hotspots’ because their high exemption rates put them at risk for epidemics of measles, whooping cough and other pediatric infectious diseases.

Amy Pisani, Executive Director of Every Child By Two/Vaccinate Your Family, expressed concern about what is known as the “community protection threshold” by stating, 

“It’s alarming to see the rise in exemption rates across this country, putting communities at greater risk. Parents need to understand that timely vaccines are critical to protecting children’s health and should be at the top of the family’s to-do list.”

SOTI_2018_CommunityImmunity_FBTW

While the study reveals some interesting data points, there’s little information as to why it appears that parents are increasingly claiming exemptions for their children.

In most states, the school vaccine exemptions tend to be elevated in a handful of communities, as opposed to a general rise in exemptions throughout the state.  It appears that more research needs to be done to better inform public health policymakers regarding the underlying reasons parents are exempting their children from school required vaccines.

In the meantime, some of the states with the highest levels of exemptions have passed legislation to make nonmedical exemptions more difficult to obtain. For example:

  • In Washington state, a law was passed that required parents to have their exemption form signed by a health care provider.
  • In Oregon, parents have the option of watching an online module on the dangers of not vaccinating or getting a form signed by a health care provider.

While both states saw an immediate and encouraging reduction in the number of exemptions claimed, it appears that these policies have not been effective over time and exemptions are once again on the rise.

Tightening laws and policies clearly does not keep those parents who are intent on seeking exemptions from obtaining them. But how about eliminating nonmedical exemptions?

After the 2014-2015 measles outbreak in California, the state legislature decided to eliminate all nonmedical exemptions. Again, one year after the law was passed exemption rates fell dramatically and, most importantly, vaccination rates rose well above community immunity thresholds, thus better protecting communities against disease outbreaks.

29542567_10157202758634112_3304877791203850842_n

But what will the future hold?  Will parents who have philosophical reasons to avoid vaccines for their children find ways to obtain medical exemptions?

Initial data suggests that may be the case. According to an article in JAMA, the California medical exemption rate reflected a three-fold increase following the introduction of the law, from 0.17% to 0.51%. According to the article’s authors,

“Some vaccine-hesitant parents may have successfully located physicians willing to exercise the broader discretion provided by SB 277 for granting [medical exemptions]…If true, this practice would be inconsistent with the recommendation from the American Academy of Pediatrics to reserve [medical exemptions] for children having contraindications.”

In the coming years, public health partners may have a better sense of whether eliminating nonmedical exemptions can sustainably increase vaccination rates and protect our communities against dangerous vaccine-preventable diseases. We will also be looking to additional studies to learn how many parents are choosing exemptions because they have true personal objections to vaccinations, or because they don’t view vaccination as a priority among their long back-to-school lists.

In the meantime, it’s important to help state legislators and the public understand what has been tried to-date and what are the most promising policy paths forward. 

Here are some ways that you can be informed and help to inform others:

  • Consider sharing Vaccinate Your Family’s fact sheet on the impacts of exemption legislation with your local lawmakers to remind them of their role in strengthening our defenses against vaccine-preventable disease.
  • Check out Vaccinate Your Family’s 2018 State of the ImmUnion report to learn more about federal policies that aim to protect our families and communities from dangerous diseases.
  • Help ensure children are better informed about how diseases develop and how vaccines work with the immune system by sharing specially designed science curricula from The Vaccine Maker’s Project with school nurses and science teachers at your local elementary, middle or high schools.
  • Find out more about the vaccination rates in your state and community by contacting your local schools, public health department or reviewing the latest CDC vaccination coverage reports.
  • Stay informed about the latest immunization news and research by following Vaccinate Your Family’s Facebook, Twitter and Instagram accounts, subscribing to this Shot of Prevention blog and sharing the information we discuss on these channels with your social contacts.

SOTI_SocialMediaGraphics_Draft14

Together we can work to ensure that students get the protections they deserve in their schools and communities.

New Oregon Law Tightens School Vaccine Exemption Process

July 17, 2013 76 comments

OregoniansForHealthyChildrenOregon has the unfortunate distinction of having the nation’s highest rate of kindergarteners with nonmedical school vaccine exemptions. While the typical exemption rate across the U.S. for the 2011-2012 school year was about 1.2 percent, Oregon’s rate climbed from 5.8 percent last year to 6.4 percent this year.

The rising trend of nonmedical exemptions in Oregon has been a concern of doctors and public health officials for years.  Knowing that the increase in exemptions would eventually lead to a resurgence of vaccine preventable diseases, many organizations started laying the groundwork to address the problem years ago at the national level by drafting an open letter in support of vaccines and their safety.

Spearheaded by the Oregon Pediatric Society, immunization experts, physicians groups and public health officials, and advocacy organizations such as Every Child By Two, Oregon drafted their own open letter to emphasize the benefits of childhood immunizations as a means of preventing dangerous and sometimes deadly diseases.  Several years later, a collaborative group of public health advocates in Oregon and throughout the nation worked to support bill SB132 which was intended to ensure thoughtful consideration by parents seeking to opt out or delay vaccines for their children prior to enrolling them in school, and hopefully reduce exemptions.

The culmination of these efforts came in a moment of celebratory progress last week, when Oregon’s governor signed SB132 into law, making it more difficult for parents to enroll unvaccinated children in Oregon schools and daycares.  The law does not restrict exemptions; however, it requires parents who wish to decline vaccines for their children to take a few extra measures before filing for an exemption. Read more…

Let’s Applaud the Local Outreach.

August 11, 2010 1 comment

By Christine Vara

As you can imagine, writing blog content on Shot of Prevention for the past few months has made me acutely aware of various immunization issues I may have overlooked in the past.  Often I am discouraged by the news of low immunization rates, vaccine refusal or rising rates of disease. So imagine my delight when I received an email this afternoon from my very own school system alerting me of a local immunization clinic.

I must say that I was very impressed. The outreach from the Fairfax County Health Department, here in VA was very informative. It encouraged parents to review immunization requirements before school begins, it outlined new  VA legislation that resulted in changes to the vaccine requirements for certain age groups, and it listed extended clinic hours for free immunizations. It even recognized that August is National Immunization Awareness Month (NIAM) and outlined the goal of increasing awareness about immunizations across the life span, from infants to elderly.

So, I am just ecstatic.  There is hope, because there is clear communication.  Now I need to ask you….have you reviewed your children’s immunization records lately? Has your state, live VA, changed legislation within the past year that may require vaccinations that hadn’t previously been required? Why not take a moment to check with your local health department.  If you discover that changes have been made within the past year, please post them in the comments below.  We must all do our part to educate each other about school required vaccinations.  This will work to ensure the highest level of herd immunity for our children in the classroom.  It should only take a moment so please do it now!